|Province Abbreviation(s): 滇 (Diān) or 云 (Yún)|
- % water
- Total (2000)
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HistoryFrom the 7th to the 13th centuries, Yunnan was the site of the Bai kingdom of Nanchao.
From 1916 to 1917, Roy Chapman Andrews and Yvette Borup Andrews led the Asiatic Zoological Expedition of the American Museum of Natural History through much of western and southern Yunnan, as well as other provinces of China. The book Camps and Trails in China records their experiences.
Yunnan is one of the most culturally and geographically varied province in China, with many minority peoples nestled throughout the region's mountains, jungles and river-valleys.
See also: Maotianshan shales
RiversSeveral major rivers flow through the province, including:
- the Mekong (澜沧江; lan2cang1jiang1), which empties in the South China Sea via Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam
- the Red River (元江; yuan2jiang1), which empties in the South China Sea via Hanoi, Vietnam
- Salween (怒江; nu4jiang1), which empties in the Andaman Sea via Burma.
BordersBordering provinces are Tibet, Sichuan, Guizhou and Guangxi. Bordering countries are Vietnam, Laos and Myanmar.
Ethnic groups include:
- Achang (Dehong)
- Bai (Dali)
- Dai (Xishuangbanna)
- Hani (or Akha)
- Hui (Muslims)
- Miao (or Hmong)
- Mosuo (Lijiang)
- Wa (Lincang)
One of Yunnan's famous products is Pu'er tea, named after the town of Pu'er.